Ukraine is preparing a ‘powerful countermeasure’ to Russian forces, says Zelenskyy

Volodymyr Zelenskyy asked European nations to stop buying Russian oil.

Ukrainian Presidential Press Service | via Reuters

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said his country’s armed forces are preparing a “countermeasure” to Russia’s advances that will exceed prior ones.

Zelenskyy made the comment during his nightly address to the nation, and following a meeting he held with the general staff of the Armed Forces.

“We are analyzing the intentions of the occupiers and are preparing a countermeasure – an even more powerful countermeasure than it’s been,” he said, speaking Ukrainian.

Zelenskyy did not elaborate on what the countermeasures would look like. But since September, Ukraine has retaken major parts of the country seized by Russian forces earlier this year, including territory in Kharkiv and Kherson.

— Christina Wilkie

American detainee Paul Whelan has been missing in Russia for over a week

Former U.S. Marine Paul Whelan, who was detained and accused of espionage, stands inside a defendants’ cage during his verdict hearing in Moscow, Russia June 15, 2020.

Maxim Shemetov | Reuters

The White House said U.S. officials are still working to locate and contact American detainee Paul Whelan, a former Marine imprisoned in Russia.

“Our embassy in Moscow has been working to understand exactly Paul’s condition and why his family hasn’t heard from him,” said White House press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre.

“it is a concern. We’re all worried– very much worried about Paul and about Brittney Griner as well,” she said, referring to the American basketball player who is also detained in Russia.

Whelan has been out of contact for over a week, after missing a scheduled call with his family on Thanksgiving Day, and another shortly before that, according to his brother, David Whelan.

“It’s incredibly unusual for Paul to miss trying to call home on a holiday like Thanksgiving,” said David. Since then, American diplomats and the Whelan family have been trying to find out where he is and in what condition.

Whelan was convicted of espionage in a Russian court in 2020 and sentenced to 16 years in prison. The White House says it has offered to swap prisoners with Russia, but talks stalled earlier this year.

— Christina Wilkie

EU seeks specialized court to investigate Russia war crimes

A Russian ballistic weapon lies in the middle of a Ukrainian farmer’s field. Russian disruption of Ukrainian commerce is seen taking a staggering 45.1% off Ukraine’s GDP this year, according to the World Bank.

Anastasia Vlasova | Getty Images News | Getty Images

The European Union proposed to set up a U.N.-backed court to investigate possible war crimes Russia committed in Ukraine, and to use frozen Russian assets to rebuild the war-torn country.

European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen said in a video message that the EU will work with international partners to get “the broadest international support possible” for the tribunal, while continuing to support the International Criminal Court.

Since Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the invasion of Ukraine on Feb. 24, his military forces have been accused of abuses ranging from killings in the Kyiv suburb of Bucha to deadly attacks on civilian facilities, including the March 16 bombing of a theater in Mariupol that an Associated Press investigation established likely killed close to 600 people.

Investigations of military crimes committed during the war in Ukraine are underway around Europe, and the Hague-based International Criminal Court has already launched a probe.

But because Russia does not accept the International Criminal Court’s jurisdiction, the European Commission said it presented to the 27 EU countries two options to hold the Kremlin accountable: either a “special independent international court based on a multilateral treaty or a specialized court integrated in a national justice system with international judges — a hybrid court.”

— Associated Press

Europe wary of Turkish hub to hide gas ‘made in Moscow’

Russian President Vladimir Putin attends a ceremony to mark the 75th anniversary of Federal Medical-Biological Agency, in Moscow, Russia November 9, 2022.

Sergey Bobylev | Sputnik | Reuters

Russian President Vladimir Putin’s plan to make Turkey a hub for his country’s gas could allow Moscow to mask its exports with fuel from other sources, but that might not be enough to persuade Europeans to buy, analysts and sources said.

Russia supplied 40% of the European Union gas market until Moscow on Feb. 24 sent tens of thousands of troops into Ukraine in what it calls a “special military operation”.

Since then, the West has introduced sweeping sanctions, including on Russian oil and gas, cut its purchases of the Russia-sourced fuels and sought alternatives.

After explosions — whose cause is under investigation — damaged the Nord Stream Russian gas pipeline system to Europe under the Baltic Sea, Putin in October proposed setting up a gas hub in Turkey, building on a southern route for exports.

Without being specific, Putin has said a hub could be set up in Turkey relatively quickly, and predicted customers in Europe would want to sign contracts.

So far there have been no public commitments to do so, and analysts say investment as well as time would be needed.

— Reuters

Ukraine’s Foreign Minister presses NATO to begin its membership process

Ukraine’s Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba gives a press statement at the end of a meeting of the NATO Ministers of Foreign Affairs in Bucharest, Romania, on November 30, 2022.

Daniel Mihailescu | AFP | Getty Images

Foreign Minister of Ukraine Dmytro Kuleba pressed NATO to start formally considering Ukraine’s application to join the military alliance, even with the country at war.

“We will become a NATO member state, but this does not mean that nothing should be done between now and when we become a NATO member. Therefore, I am speaking about the necessity to start a discussion of how to deal with our application. There is a specific procedure. And we should not just sit still and do nothing until we win”.

So far, NATO member countries have firmly resisted Ukraine’s entreaties, even as the alliance sends hundreds of millions of dollars worth of defensive weapons to the country

In June, NATO began to fast-track the membership applications of Finland and Sweden,. As of late November, 28 of the alliance’s 30 member countries had ratified the applications. Turkey and Hungary had not.

— Christina Wilkie

Clothing retailer H&M closes its last stores in Russia

The world’s second largest clothing retailer, H&M, has closed its stores in Russia for the last time, Reuters reports.

Before Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, H&M operated approximately 170 stores across Russia, but it shuttered them shortly after Russian troops swarmed into the country.

The stores were reopened in August to sell excess inventory, but are now closed for good.

H&M is one of dozens of global retailers who pledged to exit the Russian market shortly after the invasion in February, but have then taken months to actually wind down operations.

H&M told investors that shutting its Russian operations cost the Swedish company approximately $200 million.

— Christina Wilkie

Blinken says Russia will continue attacking Ukraine until its military is defeated

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken holds a press conference during a meeting of the NATO Ministers of Foreign Affairs, joined by the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Finland, Sweden and Ukraine, as well as the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, at the Palace of the Parliament of Romania in Bucharest, on November 30, 2022.

Andrei Pungovschi | AFP | Getty Images

U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken said Russia is not seeking a diplomatic resolution to its war with Ukraine, but instead will continue to attack the country over and over, until its own army is defeated.

“Russia’s savage attacks on Ukrainian civilians are the latest demonstration that President Putin currently has no interest in meaningful diplomacy,” Blinken said at a NATO ministers meeting in Bucharest.

“Short of erasing Ukraine’s independence, [Putin] will try to force Ukraine into a frozen conflict, lock in his gains, rest and refit his forces, and then, at some point, re-attack again.”

Blinken’s statement represents one of two competing views within the Biden administration about the path forward in Ukraine.

The opposing view is being championed by the nation’s most senior military advisor, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Mark Milley, who shared it in a recent interview on CNBC.

“We’ve seen the Ukrainian military fight the Russian military to a standstill,” Milley said during an appearance on Squawk on the Street on Nov. 10. “What the future holds is not known with any degree of certainty, but we think there are some possibilities here for some diplomatic solutions.”

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has consistently said that negotiations cannot begin until Russia returns Ukrainian territory it has seized or annexed, including Crimea.

— Christina Wilkie

National Security Adviser to brief U.S. senators on Ukraine funding

Former State Department Director of Policy Planning Jake Sullivan speaks during a hearing on Iran before the House Foreign Affairs Committee at Capitol Hill in Washington on Wednesday, Oct. 11, 2017.

Jose Luis Magana | AP

National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan will hold a special briefing for senior U.S. senators on Capitol Hill, where he’ll lay out the argument for continuing to fund Ukraine’s defense against the ongoing Russian invasion, Punchbowl News reports.

The attendees will be a bipartisan group of senators who lead key committees with jurisdiction over government funding, intelligence, defense and foreign relations. Democratic Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer and Minority Leader Mitch McConnell.

The meeting comes as the Biden administration prepares to ask Congress to authorize a massive annual budget for federal agencies, including U.S. foreign aid.

President Joe Biden has requested $37 billion in new aid for Ukraine next year. Over the past year, Congress has approved approximately $68 billion in aid.

— Christina Wilkie

Zelenskyy’s message to Elon Musk: Come see what Russia has done

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky speaks during a press conference in Kyiv on March 3, 2022.

Sergei Supinsky | AFP | Getty Images

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy says he doesn’t know why Starlink founder and Twitter owner Elon Musk’s apparent sympathy for Ukraine early on in Russia’s invasion appears to have shifted to a more Russia-friendly view.

“I don’t know if somebody’s influencing him, or he’s making those choices himself,” Zelenskyy said at the New York Times Dealbook Summit. “If you want to understand what Russia has done here, come to Ukraine … and after that, tell us how to end this war, who started it and when we can end it.”

In October, Musk tweeted what he said was the most likely way the Russian invasion would end. The “peace plan” lined up with Russia’s priorities, drawing condemnation from Ukraine and the West.

But Zelenskyy also said Ukraine was “thankful” to Musk for the Starlink satellite systems that have enabled parts of daily life to go on in the country, despite the war.

“Owing to the internet and the communication, life was maintained,” he said. “Monies were paid, salaries, pensions, money orders, everything, and it did help to restore our communication.”

— Christina Wilkie

China ready for ‘closer partnership’ with Russia in energy

Russia has increasingly looked to China for support as its relations with the West deteriorate, and Beijing has called for a diplomatic resolution to the war in Ukraine.

Alexei Druzhinin | Afp | Getty Images

China is ready to “forge closer partnership” with Russia in energy, a state news agency quoted President Xi Jinping as saying in a letter Tuesday, potentially expanding ties that irk Washington by helping the Kremlin resist sanctions over its war on Ukraine.

The announcement gave no details. It said Xi made the comment in a letter to the 4th China-Russia Energy Business Forum.

China’s energy-hungry economy is one of the biggest customers for Russian oil and gas. Purchases more than doubled over a year ago in October to $10.2 billion as Chinese importers took advantage of discounts offered by Moscow.

“China is ready to work with Russia to forge closer partnership in energy cooperation,” the official Xinhua News Agency cited Xi’s letter as saying. “Energy cooperation is an important cornerstone of practical cooperation between China and Russia.”

– Associated Press

Russian forces conducting offensives in Donetsk but not advancing, official says

Russian forces are conducting offensive actions but failing to advance, the head of Donetsk’s Regional Military Administration Pavlo Kyrylenko said during a briefing reported by news agency Ukrinform.

“In the Donetsk region, which is one of the main regions holding back the enemy, the situation is challenging but controlled. All of us are acting in a coordinated and focused manner. Thanks to our brave defenders, the enemy is failing to advance and achieve success in terms of combat actions,” Kyrylenko said, Ukrinform reported.

Donetsk in eastern Ukraine is seen as a hotspot in the war with battles raging between Russian and Ukrainian forces in the region, particularly around Bakhmut, with the severely destroyed area reminiscent of World War 1.

A Ukrainian tankman is seen on the Bakhmut frontline, Donetsk, Ukraine on November 27, 2022.

Anadolu Agency | Anadolu Agency | Getty Images

Kyrylenko reportedly said Russian forces continue to strike the Donetsk region, saying they used multiple launch rocket systems to open fire on the city of Lyman on Tuesday.

He said civilian casualties are reported every day and that since the Russian invasion started back in February, a total of 1,235 civilians have been killed and 2,662 injured in the Donetsk region.

— Holly Ellyatt

EU proposal would send proceeds of frozen Russian funds to Ukraine

The European Commission proposed a plan on Wednesday to compensate Ukraine for damage from Russia’s invasion with proceeds from investing Russian funds frozen under sanctions.

Officials in the EU, United States and other Western countries have long debated whether Ukraine can benefit from frozen Russian assets, including around $300 billion of Russia’s central bank reserves and $20 billion held by blacklisted Russians.

Moscow says seizing its funds or those of its citizens amounts to theft.

“Russia must … pay financially for the devastation that it caused,” Ursula von der Leyen, president of the EU’s executive said in a statement. “The damage suffered by Ukraine is estimated at 600 billion euros. Russia and its oligarchs have to compensate Ukraine for the damage and cover the costs for rebuilding the country.”

European Commission officials said that one short-term option for Western nations would be to create a fund to manage and invest liquid assets of the central bank, and use the proceeds to support Ukraine.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky (R) speaks with the President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen after a press conference following their talks in Kyiv on September 15, 2022.

Sergei Supinsky | AFP | Getty Images

The assets would be returned to their owners when sanctions were lifted, which could be part of a peace agreement that ensured Ukraine received compensation for damages.

“It’s not easy so it will require strong backing from the international community but we believe it is doable,” one official said.

With regard to the frozen assets of private individuals and entities, seizing these is usually only legally possible where there is a criminal conviction. The Commission has proposed that violations of sanctions could be classified as an offence that would allow confiscation.

— Reuters

Ukraine denies Russian claims that its troops are encircled in Bakhmut

Ukraine said Russian claims that its troops are practically encircled in the fighting hotspot of Bakhmut in eastern Ukraine are “fake.”

On Monday, Denis Pushilin, the acting head of the separatist, pro-Russian “Donetsk People’s Republic” suggested that Russian forces were close to encircling Bakhmut, a city in Donetsk that Russia wants to capture. Fierce fighting has been going on for four months in the area, turning the landscape into a muddy war zone.

“Our units are moving forward. There are successes directly in the vicinity of Artemovsk … We can say that the situation of the operational encirclement is quite close,” Pushilin told the Rossiya-24 TV channel, state news agency Tass reported.

A close-up view of a tank’s muddy steel plates in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine on November 28, 2022. As the war between Russia and Ukraine continues, rainy and cold weather conditions create difficulties for the soldiers in Donetsk Oblast, where the most intense conflicts take place.

Anadolu Agency | Anadolu Agency | Getty Images

Ukrainian Defense Ministry Official Yuriy Sak vehemently denied claims, telling CNBC Wednesday that “there is no question of any Russian encirclement or even semi encirclement.”

“This is a fake that is being spread now by the Russian propaganda that is not true Ukrainian armed forces continue to defend the city, even though it’s not easy.”

He said the losses of regular Russian troops and newly mobilized troops, and those from the mercenary Wagner Group also fighting there, were “colossal.”

“The losses of the enemy in all of these categories are colossal, and they’re measured in [their] thousands [in terms of those] killed in action,” he said.

— Holly Ellyatt

As destruction reigns, one ongoing battle in Ukraine is reminiscent of WW1

The sight of trenches, endless mud and mass destruction — with just the stumps of trees emerging from a boggy, churned up landscape — is associated with World War I but one part of Ukraine is witnessing the same kind of destruction and desolation.

For several months now, Russian and Ukrainian forces have been fighting for control of the city of Bakhmut in eastern Ukraine — in what is essentially a key part of a larger battle for control of the Donbas. The Donbas is a region in eastern Ukraine that contains two pro-Russian, so-called “republics” that Russia says it wants to “liberate.”

Ukrainian soldiers of an artillery unit fire toward Russian positions outside Bakhmut on Nov. 8, 2022.

Bulent Kilic | AFP | Getty Images

Some analysts have posted images comparing the destruction of the area to the “Battle of Verdun” in World War I, a bloody and intense battle between French and German forces that lasted from February to December 1916.

One of the longest and fiercest battles during the war, it is also seen as one of the most costly in terms of life; both France and Germany are estimated to have seen hundreds of thousands of casualties each. In the end, the French forces won the battle but it came to symbolize the immense destructiveness and human cost of war.

Read the whole story here: Trenches, mud and death: One Ukrainian battlefield looks like something out of World War I

— Holly Ellyatt

Russia promotes engineer to fill vacancy of Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant chief

Moscow said on Wednesday it had promoted the chief engineer of Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant to become its head, filling a position vacant since October when Kyiv says the plant’s boss was abducted by Russian authorities.

The nuclear power plant, Europe’s biggest, has been occupied by Russian forces since March. It has not been producing electricity since September but is still run by its Ukrainian staff to keep it safe. Moscow said in October it wa putting the plant under control of Russia’s nuclear authorities, a move Kyiv says is illegal.

Russian nuclear agency Rosenergoatom announced that chief engineer Yuriy Chernichuk would become plant director. Ukraine says the plant’s boss, Ihor Murashov, was abducted by Russian forces on his way from the plant in October.

This photo taken on Sept. 11, 2022, shows a security person standing in front of the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant in Enerhodar, Zaporizhzhia, amid the Ukraine war.

Stringer | Afp | Getty Images

Murashov was later released after Russian state television broadcast a video in which he was shown confessing to “communicating with Ukrainian intelligence”.

The IAEA U.N. watchdog said he was allowed to join his family in Ukrainian-held territory.

“The new director of Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant and first deputy general director of the Zaporizhzhia power plant operating company is Yuriy Chernichuk,” Renat Karchaa, an adviser to Rosenergoatom’s CEO, said, praising him as a “courageous” successor.

Chernichuk could not be reached for comment.

Ukraine’s state-run nuclear power operator Energoatom said in May that Russia had forbidden Chernichuk from leaving the city of Enerhodar, where the plant is based, holding him and other staff as “hostages”.

The six-reactor plant has since come under repeated shelling, drawing condemnation from the IAEA, which has called for a safety zone around it, a proposal so far resisted by Moscow.

Russia and Ukraine each blame the other for the shelling at the plant, located on a Russian-held bank of the Dnipro River across from Ukrainian-held territory. Kyiv also accuses Moscow of hiding military equipment at the plant, which Russia denies.

— Reuters

‘It looks like Russia is planning some quite big air attacks,’ defense expert says

Russia is planning “some quite big air attacks” in Ukraine, according to a leading security and defense analyst.

“It looks as though Russians are preparing some big air attacks. There’s a lot of Twitter chat and satellite imagery at air bases… so there may be a lot of air activity,” Michael Clarke, professor and former director-general of RUSI, told Sky News late Tuesday.

“The Russians are really digging in for winter and preparing trenches. In Kherson, they’ve got huge defenses,” Clarke added.

A Ukrainian soldier in Bakhmut, Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine, on Nov. 23, 2022.

Anadolu Agency | Anadolu Agency | Getty Images

The analyst noted that Russian forces appear to be advancing in Donetsk, around the city of Bakhmut where fighting has been going on for weeks.

“The Russians have been pounding away at Bakhmut for about four weeks and they’re trying to attack it from the east, the north and it looks as though they’ve made some progress from the south of Bakhmut.”

He said fighting there will still be “very ferocious” and that it is the “one place where they are making progress.”

— Holly Ellyatt

Situation at the front difficult, Zelenskyy says, and Russia is ‘planning something’

Ukrainian tankmen on the Bakhmut front line in Donetsk, Ukraine, on Nov. 27, 2022. Intense military activity around the city involves warplanes from both sides, artillery systems, tanks and other heavy weapons that are used day and night.

Anadolu Agency | Anadolu Agency | Getty Images

Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelenskyy described the situation at the front as difficult, with intense fighting in the east, northeast and south of Ukraine, where he said Russian forces are “planning something.”

“The situation at the front is difficult. Despite extremely large Russian losses, the occupiers are still trying to advance in Donetsk region, gain a foothold in Luhansk region, move into Kharkiv region, they are planning something in the south,” Zelenskyy said on Telegram Tuesday night.

He said Ukraine’s defenses are holding, however, preventing Russia from advancing.

“They said that they would capture Donetsk region – in spring, summer, fall. Winter is already starting this week. They put their regular army there, they lose hundreds of conscripts and mercenaries there every day, they use barricades there.”

He said Russia would lose 100,000 of its soldiers and additional mercenaries while “Ukraine will stand.”

— Holly Ellyatt

Russia says nuclear talks with U.S. delayed amid differences

Russian President Vladimir Putin attends the 10th National Congress of Judges, in Moscow, Russia November 29, 2022. Sputnik/Valery Sharifulin/Pool via REUTERS ATTENTION EDITORS – THIS IMAGE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY.

Valery Sharifulin | Sputnik | Reuters

Moscow has postponed a round of nuclear arms control talks with the United States set for this week because of stark differences in approach and tensions over Ukraine, a senior Russian diplomat said Tuesday.

Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said the decision to put off the talks that were scheduled to start Tuesday in Cairo was made at the political level. The postponement marked another low point in badly strained U.S.-Russian relations and raised concerns about the future of the last remaining nuclear arms control pact between the two powers.

“We faced a situation when our U.S. colleagues not just demonstrated their reluctance to listen to our signals and reckon with our priorities, but also acted in the opposite way,” Ryabkov told reporters in Moscow.

Ryabkov claimed the U.S. wanted to focus solely on resuming inspections under the New START treaty and stonewalled Moscow’s request to also discuss specifics related to the weapons count under the strategic arms reduction pact.

This week’s meeting of the Bilateral Consultative Commission established under the treaty would have been the first in more than a year. The timing of the talks was intended to show that Russia and the U.S. remain committed to arms control and keeping lines of communication open despite soaring tensions over Ukraine.

— Associated Press

Western governments struggle to agree on Russian oil price cap

This photograph taken on May 13, 2022 shows a view of Russian oil company Lukoil fuel storage tank in Brussels.

Kenzo Tribouillard | AFP | Getty Images

Western governments want to set a maximum purchase price for Russian oil on the world market to limit Moscow’s ability to raise money for its war on Ukraine.

The plan is meant to punish Russia while at the same time keeping its vast petroleum exports flowing to energy-starved global markets to tamp down inflation.

But so far, the countries have failed to agree on what the price limit should be, reflecting divisions over how badly the scheme should seek to hurt Moscow.

If they can’t reach a deal by Dec. 5, an outright ban on Russian imports into the European Union will take effect, crimping supplies heading into peak winter heating season.

— Reuters

U.S. announces additional $53 million in electricity grid assistance to Ukraine

LYMAN, UKRAINE – NOVEMBER 27: A view of damaged electrical wires after Ukrainian army retaken control from the Russian forces in Lyman, Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine on November 27, 2022.

Metin Aktas | Anadolu Agency | Getty Images

Secretary of State Antony Blinken announced a new $53 million assistance package from the United States to help repair Ukraine’s electrical grid, which has been decimated by Russian shelling.

The package will include distribution transformers, circuit breakers, surge arresters, disconnectors, vehicles and other key equipment, according to a State Department fact sheet.

The announcement comes as millions of Ukrainians remain without power, and many without water, as a result of Russia’s coordinated bombing campaign.

 The new U.S. assistance is on top of $55 million that has already been committed to emergency energy sector support.

— Christina Wilkie

Anxiety is rising in Moscow over the war and how it could end, analysts note

Russian President Vladimir Putin grimaces during the SCTO Summit on November 23, 2022 in Yerevan, Armenia.

Contributor | Getty Images News | Getty Images

Political analysts from Russia say anxiety is rising in Moscow as the country’s forces face what’s likely to be months more fighting and military losses, and even starts to consider it may be defeated.

That would be catastrophic for Putin and the Kremlin, who have banked Russia’s global capital on winning the war against Ukraine, analysts said, noting that anxiety was rising in Moscow over how the war was progressing.

“Since September, I see a lot of changes [in Russia] and a lot of fears,” Tatiana Stanovaya, a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and founder and head of political analysis firm R.Politik, told CNBC.

“For the first time since the war started people are beginning to consider the worst case scenario, that Russia can lose, and they don’t see and don’t understand how Russia can get out from this conflict without being destroyed. People are very anxious, they believe that what is going on is a disaster,” she said Monday.

Read the whole story here: ‘Losing is not an option’: Russia analysts fear a ‘desperate’ Putin as Ukraine war drags on

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